Bunk beds can be dangerous-Ask Dr. Paul Library
DEAR DR.PAUL: I am thinking of getting my children bunk beds. Is this safe?
DR.PAUL ANSWERS: Bunk beds on the surface seem like a neat, fun and space-saving idea. However bunk beds have resulted in thousands of hospital visits in children less than 15 years of age. Most injuries are minor resulting when children fall from the beds, although serious head injuries have occurred. For these reasons many experts recommend not using bunk beds at all. Aside from falls, there are several ways that children can become injured:
Guardrail spacing - On some beds, the space between the guardrail and mattress or the frame and mattress is large enough to allow a young child to slip through. Tragically, deaths have occurred when children became suspended by the head in these spaces and strangled.
Bunk bed without rails on both sides - Most bunk beds are used with one side located against a wall. Deaths have occurred when very young children rolled off the bed and became entrapped between the wall and the side of the bed not having a guardrail
Dislodgement of mattress foundation - The mattress foundation on some bunk beds merely rests on small ledges attached to the bedframe. They can dislodge or move, particularly if a child, underneath the bunk, pushes or kicks upwards on the mattress. Suffocation deaths have occurred when mattress foundations fell on children sleeping in the lower bunk.
Wrong mattress size - Bunk beds and mattresses come in two lengths; regular and extra long(is 5 inches (127 mm) longer than regular). When a regular length mattress is used for an extra long bed, there can be a 5-inch opening between the mattress and headboard or footboard. Strangulation deaths have occurred when children fell through openings created between the mattress and headboard or footboard when a regular length mattress was used in an extra long bed frame.
Children under 6 years of age should not sleep in the upper bunk. For older children, here are some safety tips from Consumer Product Safety Commission:
- Always use securely placed(screwed or bolted) guardrails on the upper bunk-on both sides
- The space between bed frame and bottom of guard rails should be no more than 3-1/2 inches (89 mm)
- Guardrails should extend at least 5 inches (127 mm) above the mattress
- The ladder should be well secured to the bed frame so kids will not slip while climbing
- Make sure that the mattress correctly fits the bed
- Be sure crossties are under the mattress foundation of each bed and that they are secured in place
- Teach children to use the ladder and not chairs or other pieces of furniture to climb into or out of the top bunk. Also, teach them that rough play is unsafe around and on beds and other furniture.
- A night light may help children see the ladder during the night
- If spacing between guard rails and bed frames is more than 3 1/2 inches (89 mm), nail or screw another rail to close the space
- Keep guardrails in good repair and securely in place and replace loose or missing ladder rungs and loose or missing hardware immediately